09.19.2017

4th Qtr Deadlines

Here are some of the key tax-related deadlines affecting businesses and other employers during the fourth quarter of 2017. Keep in mind that this list isn’t all-inclusive, so there may be additional deadlines that apply to you. Contact us to ensure you’re meeting all applicable deadlines and to learn more about the filing requirements.

October 16

If a calendar-year C corporation that filed an automatic six-month extension:

File a 2016 income tax return (Form 1120) and pay any tax, interest and penalties due.

Make contributions for 2016 to certain employer-sponsored retirement plans.

October 31

Report income tax withholding and FICA taxes for third quarter 2017 (Form 941) and pay any tax due. (See exception below.)

November 13

Report income tax withholding and FICA taxes for third quarter 2017 (Form 941), if you deposited on time and in full all of the associated taxes due.

December 15

If a calendar-year C corporation, pay the fourth installment of 2017 estimated income taxes.

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Equifax Data Breach

UPDATE:
News is now reporting that Equifax had an additional hack, a potential related precursor to the hack in May, 2 months prior – this one in March.  At the time this original hack happened, Apache Software issued a software patch to be immediately implemented – Equifax did not do it, causing the 2nd more extensive breach.

Credit experts are advising individuals to immediately go out and FREEZE YOUR CREDIT on ALL 3 Sites – Experian, Equifax and TransUnion.   If you need to purchase a home/auto/other, unfreeze your for that purchase then re-freeze it!

 

Original Post:  09/14/2017

By now you’ve most likely heard that Equifax, one of the 3 credit reporting entities, had a data breach back in May of this year.   It is estimated that nearly 50% or 143 Million Americans may have been affected by this incident.  And Yes.. you heard me right… MAY and we just now found out about this.   The SEC is looking into why it took Equifax so long to notify the public of the breach.  In the meantime, major stockholders sold off their shares of stock before the public was made aware.  I say this only because this could very well be determined to be an act of insider trading and the SEC is also looking into this as well.

Regardless of all of that, Equifax does have a link online where you can check to see if your personal information was breached.   Equifax is also offering – FREE TO ALL AMERICAN CITIZENS, their Trusted ID Premier package for 1 year.  This is credit monitoring service that will provide upto $1.0Million of ID Theft Insurance – for FREE for 1 YEAR!  All you need to do is go to their site (Provided below) and enter your Name and partial Social Security number to see if you were affected.   BTW, Equifax removed the disclaimer where, last week, you waived your rights (Thank you NY AG).  I just checked mine this morning and well.. I don’t know if I was or not.  Upon entering my info, the screen that popped up said “Based on the information you provided, it does not appear that your information was breached” so I clicked the Enroll button to enroll myself in the credit monitoring service… then the next popup said “Based on the information you provided, you may have been compromised”.   Soooo… maybe I was, maybe I wasn’t..sigh.

Even if I’m not compromised, it doesn’t hurt to cover myself, or Yourself, for a year.   The online instructions are simple, the information has been nicely laid out for you on their site.

Here is the link:  https://www.equifaxsecurity2017.com/enroll/

 

hurricane irma

Relief Aid & Charitable Giving

This last month has been a devastating time on our side of the planet.  Two Large Cat4/5 Hurricanes in Texas and Florida along with am 8.1 Earth quake along the Mexican Coast.  Like so many, you may want to help give to Charities and Organizations that can help so many displaced people get back on their feet… But some things you need to know when you give.

When giving to Charitable Organizations, please be aware that in order for those donations to be tax deductible, an organization much be an Eligible Organization registered with the IRS.   Just because an organization is asking for funds, does not mean that they are deductible for tax purposes.  But don’t necessarily let that stop you from donating either, just be careful the donation is not a scam.  Giving to registered organizations protects you more than giving to just anyone who pops up a GoFund me campaign.  That doesn’t mean that these aren’t registered, just be careful that your money is going where you want it to go.  If you donate, you should be aware of what you can and can not deduct on your Income tax returns.

There are essentially 2 kinds of donations – Cash donations and Goods donated.

  • The Cash Donations are pretty straight forward. So long as you do not get any benefit from the donation, the donation is 100% includable on your tax returns (see below on those rules).
  • Then there’s the Cash contributions where you donate but you get something in return – a Trip, a Dinner, 2 tickets to a sporting event – these donations are limited to the amount that EXCEEDS the Value of what you received. Example, you go onto an online auction that is benefiting a charity you like – let’s say the Humane Society – They have 2 tickets to your favorite sports team up and you bid and you win.  Your bid was $500, the Fair Market Value of those tickets was $400 – your deduction is limited to $100 (Your $500 less the value of $400).  Now let’s say your bid was $300 and you still won – you would have no donation value as the tickets FMV was more than what you purchased them for.  Now that doesn’t mean that your $300 didn’t go to the Charity, someone bought the tickets and someone donated them and your purchase goes to the charity – however the person who donated the tickets gets the donation, but not you – you get to go see your favorite team win :)
  • The other side of this then is the person who donates the goods for the event. If you are donating something of value that you can’t prove the FMV, get an appraisal before you donate the antique, painting or other tangible good.   There are more rules on this, but that is not the topic of this blog so I’m going to stop here on this for now, just know that you can’t just give that item to a Charity and claim it to be a famous Picaso.
  • Maybe you just want to go and help clean up.  First get yourself registered with an Organization that can coordinate where and if they need you.  If they do need you, Only your Out of Pocket Costs can be deducted.  You can not deduct for your time or lost wages.

So how do you know who is and isn’t eligible?   The IRS has an online Exempt Organization Search Tool where you can search the database or download the Extensive (yes, over 900,000 entities) list.

IRS Tool:  https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/exempt-organizations-select-check

Master List:  https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/exempt-organizations-business-master-file-extract-eo-bmf

Keep in mind, even if the Organization qualifies, you may not be able to take advantage of the donation you make.  Here are some general rules:

  1. First you must be able to Itemize your deductions vs taking the Standard Deduction. Donations are only deductible on your personal tax return if you can itemize.
  2. If you are an LLC or S-Corp, these contributions will pass thru to the Owners on their respective K-1 forms and are NOT business Deductions. Only C-Corps (entities that are considered independent from the Stockholders) may claim the deductions on their returns.
  3. Be sure you have written proof from the Charitable Organization for any Contributions totaling over $250 in a calendar year. The Organization is required to provide this to you and you must keep this with your tax records
  4. If you donate Non-Cash Property (ie Antiques, Paintings, Jewelry) be sure you get an appraisal if your donation has a value of over $5,000.
  5. You may also donate vehicles but keep in mind, there are special rules that limit you to a deduction for the value that the Organization receives for that donation if/when they sell it.
  6. Also, it’s important to understand that if you charitable donation is more than 20% of your adjusted gross income, your deductions may be limited.

First and foremost – DO YOUR HOMEWORK before you donate.  If  you are not donating to a long standing organization like Red Cross or United way, be sure that the organization is legitimate.  When these catastrophes happen, scammers also surface to take advantage of the situation.  For additional information, below is the link IRS Publication 526 for detailed information.   Or feel give us a call too.

https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p526.pdf